Perform Calculations | Formula Field - Zoho Forms

Using the Formula Field


Make your form a math wiz by allowing it to perform calculations. You can total up costs, process grade quizzes, apply discounts, and more! 

Use the  Formula  field to set up any form calculation. When your respondents fill in the form, calculations will be performed based on their input. The answer will be displayed in the field you have entered your formula in.

Using the Formula field you can,

  • Perform mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division 
  • Use certain  math functions  to calculate differences between two times, dates, and more 
  • Set up conditional calculations  to perform calculations based on the respondent's answers  

How to configure a Formula field

To add a formula field to your form,

  1. Click the  Formula  field under the  Advanced Fields  section.
  2. In the pop-up, your form fields would appear in the left pane. Use the fields on the left, numbers, and mathematical operators on the right to come up with your formula.

    Add Formula
  3. Click Done.
  4. You can choose to hide this field from your respondents using the   Hide Field  option under  Properties
  5. If you wish to edit your formula, click the Edit  link under Properties.
Supported Field Types for Formula
Number, Decimal, Currency, Slider, Rating, Formula, Radio, Checkbox, Multiple Choice, Dropdown, Image Choice, Date, Date-Time, Time.

For example, you can calculate the amount your customer has to pay using the formula field and display the amount in the payment field automatically. For this, you can set the formula as  Item * Quantity , where the number  value assigned  for the field  Item  is taken for the calculation.
While using the Formula field as a variable for calculating another formula, ensure that the two formulas are not mutually dependent. If you have come across an error because two formulas are mutually dependent, then refer to the below example:
If  n1, n2, n3 are three number fields, and f1, f2, f3 are the formulas that you have created where,

f1= n1+ n2 
f2= n3 + f3
f3= f1 + f2

Formula 2 depends on Formula 3's answer (and vice versa) to perform calculations, resulting in an endless loop. Recheck your formula to avoid this type of infinite loop.


Using the math functions we support, you can calculate the differences between time and date fields, and also round off decimal numbers into integers. You will find  Functions  in the right pane of the  Formula  field pop-up. 

To use a function,

  1. Tap on the math function you wish to add.
  2. It generates a syntax like this:  Function (Field Name - Field Name) .
  3. Replace the field's placeholders with the required form fields by clicking them from the left pane. 

    Math Functions in Formula field

Supported Math Functions

Supported Field Types
Returns the day difference between two date values
Date, Date-Time
Returns the month difference between two date values
Date, Date-Time
Returns the year difference between two date values
Date, Date-Time
Returns the hour difference between two time values
Time, Date-Time
Returns the minute difference between two time values
Time, Date-Time
Rounds off the decimal number to that next value, away from zero
Decimal, Currency, Formula
Rounds off the decimal number to that of the previous value
Decimal, Currency, Formula
Rounds off a decimal number to that of the next number when the decimal
value is .5 or above, and to the previous number when the decimal value is below .5
Decimal, Currency, Formula
Returns the age in years from the selected date as of the current date. If the selected Date field is left blank, or if the selected date is a future date relative to the current date, the Age will be taken as 0.
When calculating age, the months completed are not returned.For example, if the age calculated is 19 years and 7 months, only 19 years is returned.
Date, Date-Time
SelectionCount Returns the number of options selected in the supported choice based field types. If a choice field (supported field) in Subform is used within the formula, this function returns the sum of all choices selected Multiple Choice, Checkbox, Image Choices (not supported in Subform)
This system field is used to return the difference between the current date and the selected date in the DayDiff, MonthDiff, and YearDiff functions
Date, Date-Time
Returns the number days that are available for selection between 2 given dates
Date, Date-Time

Adding a Unit to Formula

You can add a unit to your formula to show the result more contextually in the live form. A unit can be added once the formula configuration is completed. 

To include a unit for the formula calculated value:

  1. Enter a suitable  Unit  under  Properties .

  2. You can select to position this unit either as a  Prefix  or a  Suffix

    Note : The unit for a formula will be displayed only in Subform's Pop-up mode.

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