# VLOOKUP

VLOOKUP checks the first column of the given data table for the specified value and returns a corresponding value, in that row, based on the column given.

Syntax

VLOOKUP( lookup_value; data_table; column_index; [mode] )

lookup_value : The value to look for in a range/array. E.g. "Apples", 2508

data_table : The table containing the data to test. E.g. A1:E45

column_index : The column that you want to get the corresponding value from (starting with 1 for the left-most column in the data table). E.g. 3

mode : Specifies how the data_table must be,

-1 - The first column must be sorted in descending order. The exact match or the next greatest value is considered.

0 - The first column can be unsorted. The exact match or regex match is considered.

1 and >2 - The first column must be sorted in ascending order. The exact match or the next smallest value is considered.

2 - The first column can be unsorted. Only the exact match is considered.

Remarks

• VLOOKUP can be used to bring corresponding data from other worksheets.

• Use named ranges for  data_table . This helps refer a single source data table to create multiple tables for calculation and analysis.

• If you don't remember the complete text you have to search for, use  .*, .?  and  instead.

.* - Can be used to replace any number of characters. E.g.  Zyl.*  finds  Zylker
.? - Can be used to replace a single character. E.g.  Mar.?us  finds  Marcus  and  Markus .

/ - Can be used to include *, ? and / in the search term. E.g.  Zylker/*  finds  Zylker*  and Mar.?us/?   finds  Marcus ? and  Markus ?

• VLOOKUP is case-insensitive, e.g. "APPLES" and "Apples" are treated similarly.

Examples

 Formula Result =VLOOKUP(62;A1:B7;2) C =VLOOKUP(2508;D2:G7;3) Ming Yin

Get a hands-on experience of the function in the embedded range below.

Possible Errors

 Errors Meaning #N/A! The function could not find the value it was asked to look for. Commonly occurs in VLOOKUP and similar functions. If mode is 0 or FALSE, #N/A! indicates that the exact match is not found in the given data_table. If mode is 1 or TRUE, #N/A! indicates that the given lookup_value is smaller than the smallest value in the first column of data_table. #NAME! The function name is incorrect or invalid. The given defined name (if any) is invalid. There is a typo in the defined name used in the function. Double quotes are missing for text values in the function. Colon missing in a cell range reference. #VALUE! The given argument's data type is incorrect or invalid. For example, the function =DATE(A1:A3) will return a #VALUE error when a text value is present in the range. The given column_index is lesser than 1. #REF! The given cell reference is incorrect or invalid. This error may occur when a cell/range has been deleted, moved, or pasted over. The given column_index is higher than the columns present in data_table.

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• # Related Articles

• ## IFNA

Returns the result of the first value if there is no #N/A error found, and returns the specified value_if_na, otherwise.   Syntax   IFNA(value, value_if_na) value: The value to test. E.g. VLOOKUP(-0.62;A1:B7;2) value_if_na: The value to return if the ...
• ## TODAY

Returns the current date.   Syntax   TODAY()   Remarks The date value changes to the current date on every recalculation of the function. Examples   Formula Result =TODAY() 9/11/20    Possible Errors   Errors Meaning #N/A! The function could not find ...
• ## NOW

Returns the current date and time.   Syntax   NOW()   Remarks The time value changes to the current time on every recalculation of the function. Examples   Formula Result NOW() 09/11/20 09:15:00 AM    Possible Errors   Errors Meaning #N/A! The ...
• ## MATCH

Returns the relative position of the given value in a given range.   Syntax   MATCH(search_item; search_region; [match_type]) search_item: The value to search for in the given range. E.g. "Ming Yin" search_region: The row/column to search. E.g. C2:C7 ...
• ## XLOOKUP

Tests the search_table for the given lookup_value and returns a corresponding value from the result_table. XLOOKUP is an advanced version of the VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP functions that searches both vertically and horizontally.   Syntax   ...
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